The Northern Black Sea Coast - is a unified vast area
uniting the Northern Black Sea and Azov coasts in geographic limits
from the estuary of the Danube up to the Gagrinsky mountain range
of the large Caucasus.
Within the borders of this area three different regions are distinguished:
The Northern-West Black Sea Coast
- is a region in which the city-states Olbia, Tyra, Nykoniy, and
also their districts are included.
Tauria - is a region covering
the Southern and Western Crimea, with the center in Chersonessos.
The Northern-East Black Sea
Coast - is a region including the Eastern Crimea, Priazovie
and the Northern-Caucasian coast of the Black Sea to the outlet
to the sea of the Gagrinsky range.
The colonization of the Northern Black Sea Coast by the Greeks
was one of the directions of their broad settling which was called
" The Great Greek colonization
" (VIII - VI centuries BC).
In the period from VII to IV BC the zone of an antique statehood
was formed on a vast territory from the estuary of the Danube
to the Gelengik bay. It was in the vicinity with numerous local
barbarous tribes. The antique civilization being constantly modified,
existed for almost one thousand years here (up to IV AD).
The political history of the Northern Black Sea Coast is usually
divided into four seasons:
1. The Independent development - from the moment of the beginning
of the antique states in the region to the end of II century BC;
2. The short period of the unification of all the states
of the Black Sea Coast in the network of the Pontos power of Mithradates
the Great - the end of II - the middle of I centuries BC;
3. The period of the Roman influence - from the middle
of I century BC up to the rout of the antique states of the Northern
Pontos by the union of the barbarous tribes with the Goths at
the head (the middle of III century AD);
4. The period of the final decline and downfall of the
antique states of the Northern Black Sea Coast - the second half
of û - IV AD.
© The Odessa Museum of Numismatic 2000.