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At the end of VIII c. Sasanidian drachmas and Kufic dirhams of different eastern countries (Omeyad, Abbasid, Samanid) and also "rezans" - offcutts of Kufic dirhams - started their circulation. From X century there was abundant spreading into ancient Rus markets of loudstandarding silver coins of different Europian countries - dinarius. Kiev, Chernigov and other large cities of the Kievan Rus mint own coins - imitations of dirhams and dinarius. In X - XI c.c. in the Kievan Rus were issued own silver and gold money ("srebreniks" and "zlatniks") and also cast silver coins (grivna) which become general coins of Rus. At the same time ˘═utarakan Princedom submitting the Kievan Rus and Crimean city Chersonessos minted their own coins.


1. Kievan Rus.Chernigov's imitation of Abbasid dirham. Silver. IX-X c.c.

2. Kievan Rus.Chernigov's imitation of Abbasid dirham. Silver. IX-X c.c.

3. Kievan Rus. "Rezan" - offcutts of European dinarius. Silver. X-XI c.c.

4. Kievan Rus. Kievan imitation of European dinarius. Silver. XI century.

5. Kievan Rus. Grivna of the Kievan type of the facilitated weight. Silver. XI-XIII c.c.

6. Kievan Rus. Grivna - stick. Gold. XI-XIII c.c.

7. Kievan Rus. Grivna - stick. Silver. XI-XIII c.c.

8. Kievan Rus. Grivna - stick. Silver. XI-XIII c.c.

9. Kievan Rus. "Srebrenik" of Vladimir I the Great. Silver. X-XI Î.Î.

10. ˘═utarakan Princedom. "Srebrenik" (ÝËď╔Ë╠┴Î I?). Silver. X-XI Î.Î.

11. ˘═utarakan Princedom. Imitation of Byzantian ═iliaresion. Silver. X-XI c.c.

12. ˘═utarakan Princedom. Imitation of Byzantian ═iliaresion. Silver. X-XI c.c.

13. ˘═utarakan Princedom. Imitation of Byzantian ═iliaresion. Copper. X-XI c.c.

14. ˘═utarakan Princedom. Imitation of Byzantian ═iliaresion. Copper. X-XI c.c.

15. Chersonessos. Justin II. 4 pentanummium. Copper. 565-578 AD.

16. Chersonessos. Michael III. Casting. Copper. 842-867 AD.

17. Chersonessos. Basil I. Casting. Copper. 867-886 AD.

18. Chersonessos. Leo IV and Alexander. Casting. Copper. 886-908 AD.

19. Chersonessos. Constantine VII. Casting. Copper. 914-959 AD.

20. Chersonessos. Romanus I. Casting. Copper. 920-944 AD.

21. Chersonessos. Romanus II. Casting. Copper. 959-963 AD.

22. Chersonessos. Nicephorus II. Casting. Copper. 963-969 AD.

23. Chersonessos. John I. Casting. Copper. 969-976 AD.

24. Chersonessos. Basil II and Constantine VIII. Casting. Copper. 976-1025 AD.

25. Chersonessos. Basil II and Constantine VIII. Casting. Copper. 976-1025 AD.

26. Chersonessos. Romanus IV. Casting. Copper. 1067-1071 AD.

27. Kievan imitation of Jani Beg khan's dirham. XIV Ë.

28. Jani Beg khan's dirham with Lithuanian countermark "Columns". XV c.

29. Galizian Rus. Cut off Prague Groschen. XIV Ë.

30. Galizian Rus. Denarius of King Kazimierz III the Great. XIV Ë.

31. Galizian Rus. Denarius of Wladyslaw, Duke of Opole . XIV Ë.

32. Galizian Rus. Denarius of King Louis I of Hungary. XIV Ë.

33. Galizian Rus. Russian Groshen of Lvov City. XIV Ë.

34. Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Denarius of Vytautas. XIV - XV ËË.

35. Kievan Principality.
Denarius of Vladimir Olgerdovich. XIV Ë.

36. Volyn Principality.
Pieniadze of Feodor Liubartovich. XIV Ë.

37. Ukrainian imitation of Polish solidus. XVII c.

38. Ukrainian imitation of Lithuanian solidus. XVII c.

39. Galizian Rus. Unknown type of Denarius.
Found in Lvov. XIV-XV cË.

40. Volhynia. Denarius of Lutsk.
Time of king Yagailo. XIV-XV cc.

41. Zakarpattia. Uprising of Ferenc Rakoczi II.
10 Poltura. 1705. Mint in Ýukachevo.

42. Ukrainian imitation of Russian polushka of Peter I.
XVIII c.


© The Odessa Museum of Numismatic 2007